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Home Education: Where to start

﴾ وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا ﴿

And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the pious.” (َQuran, 25:74)

We can officially say that we are now a full time home educating family. Yep, COVID-19 paved the way for us by the will of Allah. My 8 year old has been asking to be home educated for the past year and my teenagers were convinced that they would learn more and better at home but it was a difficult decision because I am doing what I want to do such as teaching online and designing Arabic resources for my non-native sisters, therefore my day is organised as I like it and home education (as we have been down that route for many years for my older kids) means a lot of commitment from the parents. However, now schools are closed and studying is over the internet, it is time to take that decision and go for it, after praying istikhara and asking Allah’s guidance first.

I have made so many duas (supplications) to Allah to help us with our home education routine and it is only Allah’s help that made us come to where we are now with home education. Now, with the power and might of Allah, we need to be consistent, easier said than done sometimes!

Since we have home educated before we are going to follow the same pattern. To be honest with you, I believe in taking things easy and slowly increase your workload . We start off with one or two subjects a day for a couple of weeks. After that we add another subject and then a couple of weeks on, another subject is added and so on. It all depends on ones circumstances and most importantly one’s mental state so that one continues and not get burn out!

Quran studying

We have started with the most important subject in the human’s life and that is the Quran. Yes, we start with the subject that we, the parents, view is the most important.

However, some times we may not be confident in teaching the Quran then we should either get a teacher just like we do for other subjects we view are important and are desperately for our children to learn such as English, maths and science. Or use the internet to gather your resources, Youtube or merely make it a 30 minute sit and listen to a reciter reading while the children follow in their Qurans. It all depends on the age of the children and your circumstances. Every family does what works for it.

Alternatively, watch a Youtube video on the meaning of a sura of the Quran. The most important thing is that one starts off with the Quran. This will give the child the idea that studying the Quran IS THE MOST IMPORTANT studies one can do. Here is a list of some YoutTube channels that may help you with your Quran studies:

Next is the Arabic language because it is the language of the Quran. Again, if one is not confident in teaching Arabic, then get a teacher. Alternatively, it can be merely reading some sentences in Arabic and inviting the child to copy them out, or read an Arabic book or watch a youtube video. Below are some links you may find useful:

  • Learning Arabic Daily life is the channel for Hidaya Centre. An excellent channel for learning Arabic. They explain grammar in a simple visual manner and all in Arabic. Then they use the grammar and vocabulary in meaningful everyday sentences and that is what you want to focus on. Definitely my way of teaching.
  • Learn everyday Arabic – another good channel to learn about about hobbies, tourism, travel, going to the doctors and many other topics.

Islamic studies is the next subject and we are starting with the pillars of Eeman: the belief in the prophets. We live in times of tribulations and calamities where religion is being target by those who follow their whips and desires. Nowadays our kids are prone to be snatched by the social media mentally or physically. There is so much on the internet and social media that teaches immorality, wrong belief or simply put questions that may cause one to doubt their religion.

Therefore, it is important for kids to know and understand answers to questions such as why we believe in the prophets and Messengers, why are they humans and not angels or jin, what is the purpose of the Messengers and prophets? Such questions open the doors to any other questions they may have about the Prophets, messengers, religion etc… It is better for them to hear the correct answer in a logically manner from an Islamic point of view first before they hear it from any where else.

So far, for my 8 and 12 year old we are studying: Quran, Arabic, Islamic Studies and maths.

You may start your Islamic studies with whatever topic you see your children need to know about. Then the topics changes according to your kids needs and interest. That is how we teach Islamic studies. By needs I mean always start with what needs to be affirmed their correct belief first and foremost, the the 5 pillars of Islam (the meaning of shahada, paryer, sadaqa, fasting and hajj) then other topics as and when needed.

Maths is the next important subject for us and so that has already been introduced within a few days into our home educating routine because I have the resources for their age group and there is a lot of free maths resources on the internet to download and print.

Next I will introduce English to them in the form of science or geography depending on their interest and what information I gather for their age groups. I am not too fussed about analyzing English texts and knowing English in detail because their English is pretty weak as they have been on the Arabic system from the beginning and can just read English. Therefore, they need to develop their English vocabulary first by studying other subjects, then, when they are ready to start learning English as a language we will do that.

We all try to start our day with the Quran

As for my 14 and 16 year olds they are at the IGCSE exams stage (UK secondary school examinations). They also start with the Quran. Then they start with whatever subject they want. I have already sat with them and discussed what exams they want to sit this coming year and they have split the book of the subjects they want to study into sizable junks. Then they just need support, explaining what they don’t understand or direct them to my teacher, good old YouTube and Google! I also provide them with exam questions for the topics they are studying (from for science), mark their answers, go through with them what needs to be re-understood etc… Basically provide a support role for them.

We study Arabic to understand the Quran and Islam, therefore, we study Quran and Islamic studies in Arabic only.

As for their Arabic, the 16 year old has already sat his IGCSE Arabic exams and I have already started teaching my 14 year IGCSE Arabic and had stopped. Now, we need to resume. For Islamic Studies, we are going to use the following telegram channel and listen and discuss what we see and read:

  • @jeelacademysa – instagram page

The New Rising Generation Academy has different routes for different age groups. They address topics that are relevant to that age group. This one is designed for teenagers but it is all in Arabic as we try to study Islamic studiesin Arabic. After all, why do we study Arabic? In our family we study Arabic to understand the Quran and Islam, therefore, we study Quran and Islamic studies in Arabic only. We may occasionally listen to talks in English.

In conclusion we tailor our home education to the needs of our kid’s ages and our ability to gather the necessary resources to teach them. Initially, the focus is on the younger ones as they need more help while the older ones can see to themselves just while the younger ones settle down to their routine. Then, the focus shifts to the older children. Never think that the older ones don’t need your attention and support. My 14 year old was complaining the other day that I give more attention to his younger siblings than to him in their studies! However, three things that are constants and never change throughout the children’s ages is the study of Quran, Arabic and Islamic Studies.

May Allah grant us success in raising our children. May Allah keep us firm on a fruitful routine for our home education journey because we struggles with keeping up with routines.

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A Chat With An Arabic Learner (2)

فَٱلۡيَوۡمَ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مِنَ ٱلۡكُفَّارِ يَضۡحَكُونَ (٣٤) عَلَى ٱلۡأَرَآٮِٕكِ يَنظُرُونَ ﴿

But this Day (the Day of Resurrection) those who believe will laugh at the disbelievers On (high) thrones, looking (at all things). 

If you have any trials in your life and you put your total trust in Allah, eventually you will emerge victorious as a reward for your efforts and patience. After 30 years of learning Arabic and practicing it, the reward is fluency. I am so happy to share my husband’s Arabic journey with you.

Give us some background information about yourself.

I became a muslim when I was 23 years old after reading the translation of the whole Quran in 3 days. I didn’t know anything about Arabic other than the Quran being in Arabic.

How did you start learning Arabic?

I was had a an Algerian friend who offered to teach me the Arabic alphabet which didn’t go well as he didn’t know half of it! So, I joined the local mosque which ran Arabic classes for beginners and left 2 weeks later due to being the only male in the class. Then I married a native who encouraged me to study the language formally. So I joined another mosque where I had more formal structured lessons to learn the alphabet, basic writing and hadith in Arabic. At home, I started with a few nouns at a time, used them daily until I became fluent in them then slowly added common daily verbs and adjectives. I also used to repeatedly listen to Arabic programs on TV which helped my comprehension and vocabulary bank.

Why did you start learning Arabic?

I wanted to read the Quran in Arabic and also converse in Arabic.

How long have you been learning Arabic?

I have been learning for 30 years and still learning. My learning style is very informal. What improved my Arabic was forcing myself to use it around the house with the family and not being afraid of making mistakes.

What difficulties did you and do you face when learning Arabic?

Informal learning meant there was a lot of practical opportunities to correcting grammar mistakes. I had to improve my active listening skills to differentiate between similar sounding words. Also, getting the pronunciation of certain letters was difficult but improved with practice.

Are you still learning Arabic?

Yes, my current job forces me to speak, read and write on daily basis and I am learning all the time Arabic words in different dialects. And, because of the poor English language skills of my students I have to teach technical subjects in Arabic.

How fluent would you say you are?

I am fluent in conversational Arabic and in reading the Quran and understanding it. I am semi fluent in reading other Arabic texts and relatively weak in writing. I understand the middle eastern dialects and fusha which I didn’t find a great difference between the two.

Have you used transliteration in your Arabic learning journey? If so, what do you think of it?

Yes, for the first few weeks of becoming a Muslim and it was a complete and utter waste of time. It doesn’t give you the correct pronunciation and you end up spending more time re-learning the correct letters which you could have saved by learning it correctly in the first place.

What advice would you give to those embarking on their journey to learning Arabic?

Any language learnt has to be used so don’t be afraid to use it and make mistakes. You will learn much quicker this way than spending hours studying formal grammar rules that you will probably have picked up quicker by speaking it than through formal lessons. If you really want to learn a language, meet people and speak it. Languages are meant to be used.

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The first of the Quran revelation

Picture of Iqra the first Quran revelation to the Prophet Muhammed

Have you ever wondered why Allah the Creator chose to start His revelation of the Quran with the word Read إقْرَأْ ?

When the Prophet was 39 years old, the beginning of the Revelation came to him as good dreams. Every dream he saw came true like bright daylight. In some of his dreams he saw himself secluded from the people and contemplating the creation around him. He believed in the dream and did just that. He secluded himself in various mountains around Mecca contemplating the creation around him and observing everything that moved.

Then in one of his dreams, he saw himself secluded up in the cave of Mountain Hira when something came to him, spoke to him and squeezed him hard. He believed this dream was going to come true and so he started to seclude himself up in the cave of mountain Hira. From there he had a clear view of the Kaaba and the surrounding area. He would go up there for a number of nights before coming back to his family to collect more provisions, then he would go back up again. While he was up there he was expecting something to happen at any time and waited for it. This went on until the first revelation came to him suddenly.

It was the last third of the month of Ramadhan on an odd night the angel Gabriel came to him.

It was the last third of the month of Ramadhan, on an odd night, when the Angel Gabriel came to him and said, ‘Read!’ The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘I am not a reader.’ Then he took hold of the Prophet and squeezed him until he could not bear it any more then he released him. The Angel Gabriel said, ‘Read!’ The Messenger said, ‘I am not a reader.’ The Angel Gabriel took hold of the Prophet Muhammed again and squeezed him a second time until he could not bear it any more, then he released him and said, ‘Read!’ The Prophet Muhammed said, ‘I am not a reader.’ The Angel Gabriel took hold of him and squeezed him a third time until he could not bear it any more, then he released him and said, 

First 5 verses ayaat of suratul Alaq in the Quran

‘Read! In the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists).

He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood).

Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.

Who has taught (the writing) by the pen.

He has taught man that which he knew not.’

[al-‘Alaq 96:1-5 – interpretation of the meaning]

Then the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went back with his heart beating wildly, until he came to his wife Khadeejah and said, ‘Cover me! Cover me!’ They covered him till his fear went away. Then he said to Khadeejah, ‘O Khadeejah, I fear for myself,’ and he told her what had happened. Khadeejah said, ‘Nay, be of good cheer, for by Allaah, Allaah will never disgrace you. You uphold the ties of kinship, speak truthfully, help the poor and destitute, serve your guests generously and assist those who are stricken by calamity.’

What does the word إقْرَأْ mean?

The word إقرَأ has a number of meanings: “to convey” as in convey so and so my greetings. It also means read something that is written down or read from memory something that has been committed to memory.

The Prophet Muhammed was illiterate and therefore he could not read or write from anything written down. Furthermore, at the moment the Angel Gabriel came to him nothing was taught to him that was committed to memory for him to recall. The Prophet Muhammed memorized the Quran from the Angel Gabriel. We learn from the hard squeezing of the Angel Gabriel is that to gain knowledge we have to go through hardship. However, we have to persevere if we want the fruits of this knowledge. After all, no pain, no gain.

The Quran was revealed in Arabic, therefore it is imperative to learn to read Arabic using the Arabic script. Yes, it may be difficult to begin with. But it gets easier along the way and it is much more rewarding reading Arabic using the Arabic script than using transliteration. Remember, the difficulty of learning to read Arabic is only temporary. Once a person can read Arabic it becomes a life time skill.

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A Chat With An Arabic Learner

لَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِنْ مُدَّكِرٍ ﴿

And We have indeed made the Qur’ân easy to understand and remember, then is there any one who will remember (or receive admonition)? (54:17)

Is it too late to start learning Arabic? The answer to this question is in the chat I had with Aunty Hamida who has started learning at the age of 76. It was an honour to have a chat with her about her Arabic learning journey.

Give us some background information about yourself.
Asalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah, My name is Hamida and I am 76 years old. I am a widow. I was married at 17. I was a Christian at that time. Then my husband died when I was 35 years old. I converted or should I say reverted to Islam when I was 36. I was educated in the USA then worked as licensed clinical psychologist. I didn’t give much attention to my deen until I retired at 60. At the age of 61 I realized that time was running out on me and needed to re-focus my attention. All my energy went on my profession, it was time to understand and live my deen.

Reading Quran

How did you start learning Arabic?
Before I was a muslim I was part of a small close Christian community. However, when I reverted to Islam I became all alone. So to begin with I was praying in English as I didn’t find anyone to teach me then. I was concerned and very troubled that I was praying in English and not Arabic. Then when I was a councilor in a school in Carlifornia, Mr Rashid, an elderly man, may Allah have mercy on him as he died, taught me to pray over the phone using transliteration. I was reading using transliteration for many years. Then Just under a year ago I joined an online class to learn Arabic but when I realized it was conversational Arabic I asked for private tutoring as I wanted to be able to read and understand the Quran in its entirety. My teacher helped me to read and now I am reading. I am so happy, alhamdulliah. She had to correct my pronunciations.

Why did you start learning Arabic?
The chief purpose was to learn to read the Quran. I strongly believe that Allah sent us that Quran and that He gave it to us in Arabic and I feel He wants us to recite the Quran in Arabic. I often hear Arabic speakers say that when you read the Quran in English it is like eating dried food and when you read it in Arabic it is like eating fresh
fruit and I kept thinking to myself I want to eat the fresh fruit.

How long have you been learning Arabic?
When I first became a Muslim I prayed in English then I learnt to read Arabic using transliteration and continued with my transliteration for many years. However, just under a year ago I joined one to one online lessons and had to start from learning the alphabet and I am now already reading.

What difficulties do you or did you encounter in learning Arabic?
As I learnt to read using transliteration, I realized, as time went by, that my pronunciation was not correct which was very disappointing and disheartening. My journey in learning Arabic was a lonely one but I was determined to carry on. The most difficult bit I found was learning the alphabet, but once I concord that, I started to actually read and recognize the words in Arabic and begin to join the words and the letters together. Also, the sounding I learnt from transliteration was not accurate so I had to leave it and re-learn the correct pronunciation. I am actually now reading the Quran in Arabic, alhamdulliah. It is the most rewarding, it makes me happy when I am reading the Quran.

Are you still learning Arabic?
Yes, I am still learning. I am attending one to one lessons online. I have 3 lessons a week and I look forward to these lessons. I read Quran, memorise duas as well as study the meaning of the Quran.

How fluent would you say you are in Arabic?
I understand words from the Quran and I am reading fluently now. I am much better than when I properly started 7 or 8 months ago.

Have you used transliteration in your Arabic learning journey? If so, What do you think of it?
I first learnt to read using transliteration. I learnt how to read the Quran with the wrong pronunciation, which I am still trying to undo now. Also, I found with transliteration you can’t learn how to join the words and you can’t learn how to read phonetically especially as Arabic is a phonetical language. I found learning with transliteration very disappointing and disheartening. To me, it is sad that anyone would spend so many hours learning to read the Quran like that. It is sad because it is not Arabic and Allah sent the Quran in Arabic and He said that it is easy to memorize it. Our Lord is saying, just go for it and you will get it.

What advice would you give to those who are embarking on the Arabic learning journey?
I would say to a beginner like myself, do not waste time on transliteration. It is a really waste of time. I am so glad I reverted and took the time to learn the alphabet and I am reading, I am reading Arabic. When I sometimes go back to have a look at the transliteration I find the pronunciation wrong. As a new beginner, take the time to learn the alphabet. It will be much more rewarding in the long term.

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How to teach your child to read Arabic

Although children can be taught how to read Arabic as soon as they start speaking, there is no hurry in getting them to read quickly at a young age. I started teaching my first child Arabic when she was 2 years old as she started speaking short sentences. However, when one gains experience and more children come along, you realise that the age at which they learn to read does not matter. In fact the older they are the quicker they learn as they start to retain the information for longer.

Where do you start teaching your child to read Arabic? Arabic is a phonetical language. What ever is written is read, except in very rare occasions, therefore reading is the easiest step to learning Arabic. Before we look at the steps of learning to read, it is important for the child to have a positive experience. The following method ensures that by teaching the child to read full meaningful words from the beginning.

Step 1: using flash cards of the Arabic alphabet with the fetha on the letter, flash the card with the letter كَ to the child soget a quick look. Then flash the flashcard with the letter بَ and then the letter تَ . Do this 5 or 6 times for each letter. Put the card away. Micro learning for small children when their attention span is short is better because they get to learn the letter and be eager to read it again. Curiosity keeps interest going. Flash the same letter in the same manner for a few days and put it away. Make it fun with lots of laughter. If the child shows interest flash it again. Play some of the suggested activities below. The order of the letters introduced should be according to the order in The Steps to Arabic Reading Scheme so that the child ends up reading meaningful words. The more letters you introduce the more different kinds of games you can play with the cards.

Flash cards’ Activities

  • Play the memory game. Place all cards facing down, each player picks 2 cards at a time. If they are the same letter, read the letter and keep the cards.
  • If the flash cards are laminated, the child can trace over the letter with a feltip pen or with their fingers while sounding the letter.
  • Stick the cards around the room, shout out the letter for the child/children to get the letter.
  • Put the letters on the floor facing up. Ask the child to give you the letter you sound. Or even better, allow your child to be the teacher where they sound the letter and you have to give it to them.
  • Have the flash card of a letter in front of you and open a children’s Arabic reading book. Find the letter in the text in the book so that the child recognises the shape of the vowelled letter in different texts. Here is a good time to point out the letter in the beginnig, middle and end of the word.
  • Open the Quran and find the letter in the Quran so that the child is connected with the Quran from a young age.
  • Once the child is familiar with some of the letters, play the spelling game. Say a letter sound with fetha and the child has to write it using white board/chalk on the ground/sand etc… If the child learns the pronunciation correctly, they will write the letters correctly.
vowelled arabic flashcards letter baa
Vowelled Arabic Letters Flashcards

It should be emphasized that fetha is a short sound and should not be stretched at all. Introduce the letters broken up. Using Arabic books or the Steps to Arabic cards, point out what the letter looks like when joined up. By the time they finish the letters with fetha, they will be able to recognize all the letters when joined up in a word. You can also use Baitul Huroof Activity Pack to re-enforce the shape of the letter in different parts of the word.

Baitul Huroof
Baitul Huroof Activity Pack for Arabic letter recognition
arabic alphabet handwriting book for studying arabic letters and recognise them within arabic words
Use Arabic Handwriting Activity Book to help with the writing of the Arabic alphabet

Why start of with fetha on the letters? Why not introduce the names of the letters first then introduce the fetha sound?

When a child reads a letter they don’t read the name, rather they say the sound of the letter depending on what the vowel on that letter is. Therefore, why confuse the child with the names to begin with and then teach them how to sound the letter. For a young child, you can spend a whole year with the fetha sound on the letters, before introducing the kesra sound. By the time they finish of the fetha sound, they should be able to recognise the letter in any clear Arabic text including the Quran.

Read meaningful words using the letters introduced

Alongside the flashcards, use the Steps to Arabic Reading scheme where the letters are introduced with the fetha sound in a particular order, so that the child reads meaningful words. It also shows the letters in broken up form and in joined form. Once the child can recognise the letter with the fetha sound and knows how to sound it, encourage them to read the words on the first card of the Steps to Arabic Reading Scheme or use Qaidah books such as Al Baghdadiya Qaidah.

Steps to Arabic reading scheme letters stage
Steps to Arabic Reading scheme the first cards to be used the with flash cards of the letters كَ تَ بَ قَ رَ أَ

Once the child can read word with the fetha sound, introduce the letters with kesrah. Do all the letters with kesrah and read words that have the kesrah and fetha sounds. Then when the child is ready, introduce dhammah, then sukoon then go onto long vowels, emphasizing it is a long vowel. Play the spelling game on a regular basis to re-enforce the letter with the sound correctly. The spelling game plays a big role in spelling words out correctly in later on years. Learning to read Arabic correctly is the foundation of spelling, therefore, it is a very important step.

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When To Start Teaching Your Child Arabic

“When to start teaching your child Arabic?” is a common question. My answer is, before the child is born, they are ready to memorise the Quran and as soon as they are beginning to talk, they are ready to learn Arabic. Yes, believe it or not!

Studying Suratul Adiyat to demonstrate the vivid descriptions in the Quran
Picture by my 15 year old.

The Quran is in Arabic. The more the child listens to the Quran the easier it is for them to pronunce the Arabic letters. The child absorbs what they hear right from when they are in their mother’s womb. Therefore, that is an excellent time for the mother to read a loud and listen to a lot of Quran. Listening to the Quran before birth sets the scene for Arabic. After all, we learn Arabic to be able to read and understand the Quran.

My fifth pregnancy was a very tiring one. I was so tired that I spent lot of my day sitting or sleeping in an arm chair in front of my patio door looking onto the garden. And since I was enrolled on an online course for Quran memorisation, I had the Quran on a table next to the chair. Whenever I sat I would revise and memorise aloud. When Y was born he would only be soothed by hearing the Quran. Whenever he cried I would put on or read Quran to him and he would calm down almost always. I wish I knew that before my previous children were born!

The Quran should play a big role in the child’s life from the minute they are born. Playing Juzz Amma was part of my children’s bed time routine. Juzz Amma was on a loop and it started from the time trying to put them to sleep, through the night, till the time they woke up. You will be surprised by how much children absorb while they sleep and how much of that came out on their tongues when they start talking. My second child was playing when all of a sudden he started reciting Suratu Teen from beginning to end and we hadn’t even started memorsing Quran. But he was memorising. When he was asleep his brain was absorbing all that he was hearing. Juzz Amma was also playing in the car and we were out alot in the car. It brings such joy when you see your children recite Quran while they are playing.

So before the child could even talk, they are exposed to the Quran. As soon as the child is able to say a few words, they are ready to learn to read Arabic.

Subscribe to stay tuned with the next post which will be about how to teach your child Arabic even from the age of one and a half years old.